Differential Effects of Gender Groups on Entrepreneurship in a Developing Country Context
Bernard Kibeti Nassiuma, Jamin Masinde Masasabi, Anne Nangulu

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine gender group differential effects on entrepreneurship in western Kenya. The study provides an understanding of the entrepreneurial contextual factors influencing Women and Youth entrepreneurship. The study was undertaken in Bungoma and Uasin Gishu Counties which were Project sites for Sustainable Approach to Livelihood Improvement project in Kenya. Design/methodology/approach- A survey methodology was designed to collect primary data on the entrepreneurship of women and youth owned small enterprises. Data was collected and analysed with the assistance of Kruskal Wallis test. Findings -The results show that the hypotheses were supported on gender group differential effects on the socio-economic profiles, on the nature of firm profile and on entrepreneurial profiles. The study concludes that gender group differential effects on various variables were statistically significant. Gender differences between adult Women and youth categories were statistically significant on most aspects, while within the youth group there were no differences. Research limitations/implications- Limitations of this study werefirstly, reliance on a sample instead of undertaking a complete census and secondly, relying on self-reported data. Practical implications -This paper will be of practical value to entrepreneurs, policy-makers and practitioners interested in the complex interactive relationship between women and youth entrepreneurship. Originality/value- The methodological framework developed for this study constitutes a foundation for extending and developing literature on gender differential effects on entrepreneurship research

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jsbed.v5n2a8